14 Dec 2011

Ongoing agriculture transformation in rural Russia

S. Ivanova

Before the collapse of Soviet Union? Russian agriculture was characterizes by large collective and state farms. These farms co-existed with small household plots. The radical economic transformation that began in the early 1990s aimed at bringing about constructivechanges in the national agrarian sector, including land reform, the reorganization of collective and state farms, and the development of autonomous private farms. the prevalling view was the that, as a result of privatization, Russian agriculture would be organized into three types: corporate farms, independent peasant farms and household plots. For many reasons, including the inadequacy of structural reforms, independent peasant farms did not really take root . they currently produce less than 6% of Russia's total agricultural output.

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More about: Agriculture Development and Fertilizer Use